U-28A Draco


The U-28A is a modified, single-engine Pilatus PC-12 aircraft and is part of the Air Force Special Operations Command manned, airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance fleet. Operational squadrons include the 319th, 34th and 318th Special Operations Squadrons, and the 5th and 19th SOS conduct the airframe’s formal training.


The U-28A provides manned fixed-wing tactical airborne ISR support to humanitarian operations, search and rescue and conventional and special operation missions.


AFSOC fielded the U-28A fleet through the purchase of commercially available aircraft and subsequent military modification to include tactical communications capabilities, aircraft survivability equipment, electro-optical sensors, and advanced navigation systems. The advanced radio-communications suite is capable of establishing U.S. Department of Defense and NATO data-links, delivering full-motion video, and transmitting secure voice communications. The U-28A benefits from outstanding reliability and performance, and the aircraft is capable of operating from short runways and semi-prepared surfaces.


The diverse AFSOC mission requirements generated a need for small numbers of mission-specific aircraft which were procured rapidly to address specific mission needs. The U-28A is a modified, single-engine Pilatus PC-12 that operates worldwide.

The U-28A is part of AFSOC’s light tactical fixed wing fleet, formerly known as non-standard aviation.

The initial block of U-28 aircraft were procured and modified for use in operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

All U-28A aircraft are maintained through contractor logistics support.

General Characteristics

Crew:  2 Pilots, 1 Combat Systems Officer, 1 Tactical Systems Operator

Builder:  Pilatus Aircraft Ltd

Power Plant:  Pratt-Whitney PT6A-67B

Thrust:  1,200 horsepower

Wingspan:  53 feet 3 inches (16.23 meters)

Length:  47 feet 3 inches (14.4 meters)

Height:  14 feet (4.25 meters)

Speed:  220 knots

Range:  1,500 nautical miles

Ceiling:  30,000 feet

Maximum Takeoff Weight:  10,935 lbs

Deployment Date:  2006

Unit Cost:  $16.5 million

Inventory:  Active duty, 28; Reserve/ANG, 0

(Current as of March 2021)